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Nanomaterials 2016, 6(7), 134; doi:10.3390/nano6070134

Nanomaterials for Tissue Engineering In Dentistry

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering—UdR INSTM—University of Perugia, Strada di Pentima, 4–05100 Terni, Italy
2
Department of Surgical and Biomedical Sciences—University of Perugia, S. Andrea delle Fratte, 06156 Perugia, Italy
3
Department of Experimental Medicine—University of Perugia Polo Unico Sant’Andrea delle Fratte, 06132 Perugia, Italy
4
Department of Biomedical Science—University of Sassari viale San Pietro 43/C -07100 Sassari, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yurii Gun'ko
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 4 July 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 21 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials for Tissue Engineering)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2334 KB, uploaded 21 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

The tissue engineering (TE) of dental oral tissue is facing significant changes in clinical treatments in dentistry. TE is based on a stem cell, signaling molecule, and scaffold triad that must be known and calibrated with attention to specific sectors in dentistry. This review article shows a summary of micro- and nanomorphological characteristics of dental tissues, of stem cells available in the oral region, of signaling molecules usable in TE, and of scaffolds available to guide partial or total reconstruction of hard, soft, periodontal, and bone tissues. Some scaffoldless techniques used in TE are also presented. Then actual and future roles of nanotechnologies about TE in dentistry are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials tissue engineering; dentistry; stem cells; signalling molecules; scaffolds nanomaterials tissue engineering; dentistry; stem cells; signalling molecules; scaffolds
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chieruzzi, M.; Pagano, S.; Moretti, S.; Pinna, R.; Milia, E.; Torre, L.; Eramo, S. Nanomaterials for Tissue Engineering In Dentistry. Nanomaterials 2016, 6, 134.

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