Morphological, Chemical Surface, and Diffusive Transport Characterizations of a Nanoporous Alumina Membrane
AbstractSynthesis of a nanoporous alumina membrane (NPAM) by the two-step anodization method and its morphological and chemical surface characterization by analyzing Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) micrographs and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) spectra is reported. Influence of electrical and diffusive effects on the NaCl transport across the membrane nanopores is determined from salt diffusion measurements performed with a wide range of NaCl concentrations, which allows the estimation of characteristic electrochemical membrane parameters such as the NaCl diffusion coefficient and the concentration of fixed charges in the membrane, by using an appropriated model and the membrane geometrical parameters (porosity and pore length). These results indicate a reduction of ~70% in the value of the NaCl diffusion coefficient through the membrane pores with respect to solution. The transport number of ions in the membrane pores (Na+ and Cl−, respectively) were determined from concentration potential measurements, and the effect of concentration-polarization at the membrane surfaces was also considered by comparing concentration potential values obtained with stirred solutions (550 rpm) and without stirring. From both kinds of results, a value higher than 0.05 M NaCl for the feed solution seems to be necessary to neglect the contribution of electrical interactions in the diffusive transport. View Full-Text
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Vázquez, M.I.; Romero, V.; Vega, V.; García, J.; Prida, V.M.; Hernando, B.; Benavente, J. Morphological, Chemical Surface, and Diffusive Transport Characterizations of a Nanoporous Alumina Membrane. Nanomaterials 2015, 5, 2192-2202.
Vázquez MI, Romero V, Vega V, García J, Prida VM, Hernando B, Benavente J. Morphological, Chemical Surface, and Diffusive Transport Characterizations of a Nanoporous Alumina Membrane. Nanomaterials. 2015; 5(4):2192-2202.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vázquez, María I.; Romero, Virgina; Vega, Victor; García, Javier; Prida, Victor M.; Hernando, Blanca; Benavente, Juana. 2015. "Morphological, Chemical Surface, and Diffusive Transport Characterizations of a Nanoporous Alumina Membrane." Nanomaterials 5, no. 4: 2192-2202.