Influence of Implant Surface Topography on Primary Stability in a Standardized Osteoporosis Rabbit Model Study
AbstractEvaluating primary stability is important to predict the prognosis of dental implant treatment. Primary stability is decreased in a low bone density site such as osteoporosis. However, it is difficult to apply in small animal and the effect of the different implant surface topography for the primary stability at low bone density site has not yet fully been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of implant surface topography on primary stability in a standardized osteoporosis animal model. Six rabbits underwent ovariectomy and administrated glucocorticoid to induce an osteoporosis model. Sham-operations were performed in additional six rabbits. Implants with machined or oxidized-surfaces were inserted into the femur epiphyses and insertion torque (IT) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) were measured. In sham model, the IT and ISQ did not differ significantly between the both implant. However, the IT value of oxidized-surface implant was significantly higher than that of the machined implant in the osteoporosis model. Meanwhile, ISQ did not significantly differ between the machined and oxidized-surfaced implants. In conclusion, the IT of implants is higher with rough than with smooth surfaces but that there are no differences in ISQ value between different surfaces in a standardized osteoporosis bone reduced rabbit model. View Full-Text
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Oue, H.; Doi, K.; Oki, Y.; Makihara, Y.; Kubo, T.; Perrotti, V.; Piattelli, A.; Akagawa, Y.; Tsuga, K. Influence of Implant Surface Topography on Primary Stability in a Standardized Osteoporosis Rabbit Model Study. J. Funct. Biomater. 2015, 6, 143-152.
Oue H, Doi K, Oki Y, Makihara Y, Kubo T, Perrotti V, Piattelli A, Akagawa Y, Tsuga K. Influence of Implant Surface Topography on Primary Stability in a Standardized Osteoporosis Rabbit Model Study. Journal of Functional Biomaterials. 2015; 6(1):143-152.Chicago/Turabian Style
Oue, Hiroshi; Doi, Kazuya; Oki, Yoshifumi; Makihara, Yusuke; Kubo, Takayasu; Perrotti, Vittoria; Piattelli, Adriano; Akagawa, Yasumasa; Tsuga, Kazuhiro. 2015. "Influence of Implant Surface Topography on Primary Stability in a Standardized Osteoporosis Rabbit Model Study." J. Funct. Biomater. 6, no. 1: 143-152.