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Religions 2014, 5(1), 109-125; doi:10.3390/rel5010109
Article

Aspects of Spirituality in German and Polish Adolescents and Young Adults—Factorial Structure of the ASP Students’ Questionnaire

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Received: 31 October 2013; in revised form: 16 January 2014 / Accepted: 28 January 2014 / Published: 14 February 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity)
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Abstract: To cover a wider variety of specific aspects of spirituality, which are of relevance also in secular societies, the ASP (“Aspects of Spirituality”) questionnaire was developed. While it was used so far with healthy adults and with adolescents living in a secular society, it was meanwhile used also with Polish students who were predominantly Catholic. Here we compare the factorial structure of the ASP questionnaire in a sample of 871 German (73% non-religious) and 1,017 Polish adolescents/young adults (50% non-religious despite their Catholic denomination). The factorial structure of the ASP questionnaire with its four scales Religious Orientation: Prayer/Trust in God, Search for Insight/Wisdom, Conscious interactions/Compassion, Transcendence Conviction, were similar in the sample of German students and in the Polish students. By means of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) we were able to use the number of items of the ASP in its student version (ASP-Students). Overall, the instrument is suited to measure a wide variety of vital aspects of spirituality, both religious and secular forms of spirituality. As the instrument avoids exclusive language and operationalizes also non-formal aspects of spirituality in terms of relational consciousness, it is suited, not only for individuals with a skeptical or a-religious attitude, but also for religious individuals.
Keywords: aspects of spirituality; questionnaire; adolescents; young adults; Poland; Germany; validation; confirmatory factor analysis aspects of spirituality; questionnaire; adolescents; young adults; Poland; Germany; validation; confirmatory factor analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Büssing, A.; Pilchowska, I.; Baumann, K.; Surzykiewicz, J. Aspects of Spirituality in German and Polish Adolescents and Young Adults—Factorial Structure of the ASP Students’ Questionnaire. Religions 2014, 5, 109-125.

AMA Style

Büssing A, Pilchowska I, Baumann K, Surzykiewicz J. Aspects of Spirituality in German and Polish Adolescents and Young Adults—Factorial Structure of the ASP Students’ Questionnaire. Religions. 2014; 5(1):109-125.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Büssing, Arndt; Pilchowska, Iwona; Baumann, Klaus; Surzykiewicz, Janusz. 2014. "Aspects of Spirituality in German and Polish Adolescents and Young Adults—Factorial Structure of the ASP Students’ Questionnaire." Religions 5, no. 1: 109-125.

Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert