Next Article in Journal
The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale: Overview and Results
Next Article in Special Issue
Complicated Grief in the Aftermath of Homicide: Spiritual Crisis and Distress in an African American Sample
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Pain, Spirituality, and Meaning Making: What Can We Learn from the Literature?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2011, 2(1), 17-28; doi:10.3390/rel2010017

The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being

School of Education, University of Ballarat, Victoria 3350, Australia
School of Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3350, Australia
Received: 11 November 2010 / Revised: 10 December 2010 / Accepted: 7 January 2011 / Published: 11 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spirituality and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [187 KB, uploaded 11 January 2011]


At our core, or coeur, we humans are spiritual beings. Spirituality can be viewed in a variety of ways from a traditional understanding of spirituality as an expression of religiosity, in search of the sacred, through to a humanistic view of spirituality devoid of religion. Health is also multi-faceted, with increasing evidence reporting the relationship of spirituality with physical, mental, emotional, social and vocational well-being. This paper presents spiritual health as a, if not THE, fundamental dimension of people’s overall health and well-being, permeating and integrating all the other dimensions of health. Spiritual health is a dynamic state of being, reflected in the quality of relationships that people have in up to four domains of spiritual well-being: Personal domain where a person intra-relates with self; Communal domain, with in-depth inter-personal relationships; Environmental domain, connecting with nature; Transcendental domain, relating to some-thing or some‑One beyond the human level. The Four Domains Model of Spiritual Health and Well‑Being embraces all extant world-views from the ardently religious to the atheistic rationalist.
Keywords: spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Fisher, J. The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being. Religions 2011, 2, 17-28.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top