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Religions 2011, 2(1), 17-28; doi:10.3390/rel2010017
Article

The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being

1,2
1 School of Education, University of Ballarat, Victoria 3350, Australia 2 School of Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3350, Australia
Received: 11 November 2010 / Revised: 10 December 2010 / Accepted: 7 January 2011 / Published: 11 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spirituality and Health)
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Abstract

At our core, or coeur, we humans are spiritual beings. Spirituality can be viewed in a variety of ways from a traditional understanding of spirituality as an expression of religiosity, in search of the sacred, through to a humanistic view of spirituality devoid of religion. Health is also multi-faceted, with increasing evidence reporting the relationship of spirituality with physical, mental, emotional, social and vocational well-being. This paper presents spiritual health as a, if not THE, fundamental dimension of people’s overall health and well-being, permeating and integrating all the other dimensions of health. Spiritual health is a dynamic state of being, reflected in the quality of relationships that people have in up to four domains of spiritual well-being: Personal domain where a person intra-relates with self; Communal domain, with in-depth inter-personal relationships; Environmental domain, connecting with nature; Transcendental domain, relating to some-thing or some‑One beyond the human level. The Four Domains Model of Spiritual Health and Well‑Being embraces all extant world-views from the ardently religious to the atheistic rationalist.
Keywords: spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Fisher, J. The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being. Religions 2011, 2, 17-28.

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