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Religions 2011, 2(1), 17-28; doi:10.3390/rel2010017

The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being

1 School of Education, University of Ballarat, Victoria 3350, Australia 2 School of Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3350, Australia
Received: 11 November 2010 / Revised: 10 December 2010 / Accepted: 7 January 2011 / Published: 11 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spirituality and Health)
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At our core, or coeur, we humans are spiritual beings. Spirituality can be viewed in a variety of ways from a traditional understanding of spirituality as an expression of religiosity, in search of the sacred, through to a humanistic view of spirituality devoid of religion. Health is also multi-faceted, with increasing evidence reporting the relationship of spirituality with physical, mental, emotional, social and vocational well-being. This paper presents spiritual health as a, if not THE, fundamental dimension of people’s overall health and well-being, permeating and integrating all the other dimensions of health. Spiritual health is a dynamic state of being, reflected in the quality of relationships that people have in up to four domains of spiritual well-being: Personal domain where a person intra-relates with self; Communal domain, with in-depth inter-personal relationships; Environmental domain, connecting with nature; Transcendental domain, relating to some-thing or some‑One beyond the human level. The Four Domains Model of Spiritual Health and Well‑Being embraces all extant world-views from the ardently religious to the atheistic rationalist.
Keywords: spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view spiritual health; spiritual well-being; world-view
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Fisher, J. The Four Domains Model: Connecting Spirituality, Health and Well-Being. Religions 2011, 2, 17-28.

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