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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5(4), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse5040061

Second-Pass Assessment of Potential Exposure to Shoreline Change in New South Wales, Australia, Using a Sediment Compartments Framework

1
Water, Wetlands & Coasts Science, Office of Environment & Heritage, NSW Government, 59 Goulburn Street, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
2
School of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 29 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 December 2017 / Published: 20 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Sea Levels, Impacts and Adaptation)
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Abstract

The impacts of coastal erosion are expected to increase through the present century, and beyond, as accelerating global mean sea-level rise begins to enhance or dominate local shoreline dynamics. In many cases, beach (and shoreline) response to sea-level rise will not be limited to passive inundation, but may be amplified or moderated by sediment redistribution between the beach and the broader coastal sedimentary system. We describe a simple and scalable approach for estimating the potential for beach erosion and shoreline change on wave-dominated sandy beaches, using a coastal sediment compartments framework to parameterise the geomorphology and connectivity of sediment-sharing coastal systems. We apply the approach at regional and local scales in order to demonstrate the sensitivity of forecasts to the available data. The regional-scale application estimates potential present and future asset exposure to coastal erosion in New South Wales, Australia. The assessment suggests that shoreline recession due to sea-level rise could drive a steep increase in the number and distribution of asset exposure in the present century. The local-scale example demonstrates the potential sensitivity of erosion impacts to the distinctive coastal geomorphology of individual compartments. Our findings highlight that the benefits of applying a coastal sediment compartments framework increase with the coverage and detail of geomorphic data that is available to parameterise sediment-sharing systems and sediment budget principles. Such data is crucial to reducing uncertainty in forecasts by understanding the potential response of key sediment sources and sinks (e.g., the shoreface, estuaries) to sea-level rise in different settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; coastal barrier; coastal sediment compartment; geomorphology; littoral sediment cell; risk management; sea-level rise; sediment budget; shoreline change; uncertainty climate change; coastal barrier; coastal sediment compartment; geomorphology; littoral sediment cell; risk management; sea-level rise; sediment budget; shoreline change; uncertainty
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Kinsela, M.A.; Morris, B.D.; Linklater, M.; Hanslow, D.J. Second-Pass Assessment of Potential Exposure to Shoreline Change in New South Wales, Australia, Using a Sediment Compartments Framework. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5, 61.

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