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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5(4), 49; doi:10.3390/jmse5040049

Sea Level Change and Coastal Climate Services: The Way Forward

1
Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), French Geological Survey, Orléans 45060, France
2
Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
3
Global Climate Forum and Division of Resource Economics at Albrecht Daniel Thaer-Institute and Berlin Workshop in Institutional Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems (WINS), Humboldt-University, Berlin 10178, Germany
4
Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
5
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Aspendale, Victoria 3195, Australia
6
Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research Utrecht (IMAU), University of Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 CC, The Netherlands
7
NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Department of Estuarine & Delta Systems, and Utrecht University, PO Box 140, Yerseke 4400 AC, The Netherlands
8
Hadley Centre, UK MetOffice, Exeter EX1 3PB, United Kingdom and Priestley Centre, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
9
US Army Corps of Engineers Headquarters Washington, Washington, DC 20314, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2017 / Revised: 23 September 2017 / Accepted: 3 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Sea Levels, Impacts and Adaptation)
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Abstract

For many climate change impacts such as drought and heat waves, global and national frameworks for climate services are providing ever more critical support to adaptation activities. Coastal zones are especially in need of climate services for adaptation, as they are increasingly threatened by sea level rise and its impacts, such as submergence, flooding, shoreline erosion, salinization and wetland change. In this paper, we examine how annual to multi-decadal sea level projections can be used within coastal climate services (CCS). To this end, we review the current state-of-the art of coastal climate services in the US, Australia and France, and identify lessons learned. More broadly, we also review current barriers in the development of CCS, and identify research and development efforts for overcoming barriers and facilitating their continued growth. The latter includes: (1) research in the field of sea level, coastal and adaptation science and (2) cross-cutting research in the area of user interactions, decision making, propagation of uncertainties and overall service architecture design. We suggest that standard approaches are required to translate relative sea level information into the forms required to inform the wide range of relevant decisions across coastal management, including coastal adaptation. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate services; coastal zones; sea level projections climate services; coastal zones; sea level projections
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Le Cozannet, G.; Nicholls, R.J.; Hinkel, J.; Sweet, W.V.; McInnes, K.L.; Van de Wal, R.S.W.; Slangen, A.B.A.; Lowe, J.A.; White, K.D. Sea Level Change and Coastal Climate Services: The Way Forward. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2017, 5, 49.

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