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J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2014, 2(2), 287-305; doi:10.3390/jmse2020287
Article

Strengthening the Resiliency of a Coastal Transportation System through Integrated Simulation of Storm Surge, Inundation, and Nonrecurrent Congestion in Northeast Florida

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Received: 3 December 2013; in revised form: 25 January 2014 / Accepted: 19 February 2014 / Published: 31 March 2014
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Abstract: The Multimodal Transportation Educational Virtual Appliance (MTEVA) is an application developed within the framework of the broader Coastal Science Educational Virtual Appliance (CSEVA) to enhance coastal resiliency through the integration of coastal science and transportation congestion models for emergency situations. The first generation MTEVA enabled users to perform and visualize simulations using an integrated storm surge and inundation model (CH3D-SSMS) and transportation evacuation/return modeling system that supports contraflow in a simple synthetic domain (order of tens of intersections/roads) under tropical storm conditions. In this study, the second generation MTEVA has been advanced to apply storm surge and evacuation models to the greater Jacksonville area of Northeast Florida (order tens of thousands of transportation intersections/roads). To support solving the evacuation problem with a significantly larger transportation network, new models have been developed, including a heuristic capable of efficiently solving large-scale problems. After initial testing on several smaller stand-alone transportation networks (e.g., Anaheim, Winnipeg), the heuristic is applied to the Jacksonville area transportation network. Results presented show the heuristic produces a nearly optimal (average optimality gap <0.5%) solution in 90% less wall clock time than needed by the exact solver. The MTEVA’s new capabilities are then demonstrated through the simulation of a Hurricane Katrina-sized storm impacting the region and studying how the evacuation patterns are affected by the closing of roads due to flooding and bridges due to high winds. To ensure residents are able to leave the area, evacuations are shown to need to have begun at least 36 h prior to landfall. Additionally it was shown that large numbers of residents would be left behind if evacuation does not begin within 18 h of landfall and ~97% would not escape if evacuation did not begin until landfall, when areas of the coast that are the most prone to flooding are already cut off from the “safe” nodes of the transportation network.
Keywords: CSEVA; MTEVA; multimodal transportation; storm surge; evacuation CSEVA; MTEVA; multimodal transportation; storm surge; evacuation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Davis, J.R.; Paramygin, V.A.; Vogiatzis, C.; Sheng, Y.P.; Pardalos, P.M.; Figueiredo, R.J. Strengthening the Resiliency of a Coastal Transportation System through Integrated Simulation of Storm Surge, Inundation, and Nonrecurrent Congestion in Northeast Florida. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2014, 2, 287-305.

AMA Style

Davis JR, Paramygin VA, Vogiatzis C, Sheng YP, Pardalos PM, Figueiredo RJ. Strengthening the Resiliency of a Coastal Transportation System through Integrated Simulation of Storm Surge, Inundation, and Nonrecurrent Congestion in Northeast Florida. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2014; 2(2):287-305.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davis, Justin R.; Paramygin, Vladimir A.; Vogiatzis, Chrysafis; Sheng, Y. P.; Pardalos, Panos M.; Figueiredo, Renato J. 2014. "Strengthening the Resiliency of a Coastal Transportation System through Integrated Simulation of Storm Surge, Inundation, and Nonrecurrent Congestion in Northeast Florida." J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2, no. 2: 287-305.

J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert