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Agriculture 2017, 7(3), 21; doi:10.3390/agriculture7030021

Suppression of CH4 Emission by Rice Straw Removal  and Application of Bio‐Ethanol Production Residue  in a Paddy Field in Akita, Japan

Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, 241‐438 Aza Kaidobata‐Nishi, Shimoshinjo Nakano, Akita 010‐0195, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ryusuke Hatano
Received: 6 February 2017 / Accepted: 6 March 2017 / Published: 8 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue C and N Cycling and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agroecosystem)
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Abstract

To elucidate the effects of rice straw removal and rice straw‐based bio‐ethanol production residue application on rice growth and methane (CH4) emission from a paddy field, a lysimeter experiment with three treatments (application of rice straw after harvesting (the rice‐straw plot); removal of rice straw and the application of bio‐ethanol production residue (the Et‐residue plot); removal of rice straw (the no‐application plot)) was conducted over three years. Though the grain yields in the Et‐residue and no‐application plots tended to be slightly higher than that in the ricestraw plot, there were no significant differences among the plots (530–546 g∙m−2). Suppression of CH4 emission by the treatments was found clearly in the early part of the growing season. The total CH4 emissions during the rice‐growing season (unit: g∙C∙m−2∙period−1) followed the order of the noapplication plot (11.9) < the Et‐residue plot (14.6) < the rice‐straw plot (25.4), and a significant difference was found between the no‐application and rice‐straw plots. Consequently, bio‐ethanol production from rice straw and a following application of its residue to paddy fields is considered to be a promising technology which can obtain new sustainable energy and suppress CH4 emission without any inhibition on rice growth. View Full-Text
Keywords: CH4; gley lowland soil; lysimeter; rice growth; rice straw management; snowy‐cool  temperate climate CH4; gley lowland soil; lysimeter; rice growth; rice straw management; snowy‐cool  temperate climate
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Takakai, F.; Ichikawa, J.; Ogawa, M.; Ogaya, S.; Yasuda, K.; Kobayashi, Y.; Sato, T.; Kaneta, Y.; Nagahama, K. Suppression of CH4 Emission by Rice Straw Removal  and Application of Bio‐Ethanol Production Residue  in a Paddy Field in Akita, Japan. Agriculture 2017, 7, 21.

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