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Agriculture 2016, 6(3), 41; doi:10.3390/agriculture6030041

Creole Hens and Ranga-Ranga: Campesino Foodways and Biocultural Resource-Based Development in the Central Valley of Tarija, Bolivia

1
Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2M6, Canada
2
Canada Research Chair in Human Rights, Social Justice and Food Sovereignty, Department of Sociology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
3
Department of Economics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giaime Berti, Moya Kneafsey, Larry Lev, Irene Monasterolo and Sergio Schneider
Received: 1 June 2016 / Revised: 5 August 2016 / Accepted: 16 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6044 KB, uploaded 26 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Biocultural heritage-based products, including regional specialty foods, are increasingly part of sustainable rural development strategies. While export-oriented biocultural products are often the most visible, we examine the role of campesino gastronomic heritage in the Central Valley of Tarija, Bolivia, as a case study of a local market-centered biocultural resource-based development strategy reflected in an alternative agri-food network. We develop a biocultural sustainability framework to examine this network from ecological, economic and sociocultural perspectives. Data are drawn from interviews (n = 77), surveys (n = 89) and participant observation, with primary and secondary producers of traditional and new products, as well as restaurant owners, market vendors and local consumers. We find that campesino biocultural heritage and the alternative agri-food network surrounding it represent an influential territorial project that underpins many household economies, particularly for women. We conclude that the relatively small investments by local governments to promote campesino gastronomic heritage are having positive ripple effects on small-scale producer livelihoods and on biocultural sustainability. We suggest that further support to increase market access and reduce other barriers to participation in alternative food networks will likely increase the options and benefits available to small-scale producers mobilising campesino gastronomic heritage within the local economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocultural resources; biocultural design; alternative food networks; sustainable rural development; local food systems; Bolivia biocultural resources; biocultural design; alternative food networks; sustainable rural development; local food systems; Bolivia
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Turner, K.L.; Davidson-Hunt, I.J.; Desmarais, A.A.; Hudson, I. Creole Hens and Ranga-Ranga: Campesino Foodways and Biocultural Resource-Based Development in the Central Valley of Tarija, Bolivia. Agriculture 2016, 6, 41.

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