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Agriculture 2016, 6(3), 43; doi:10.3390/agriculture6030043

Policies Supporting Local Food in the United States

Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 355 E St SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA
Academic Editors: Giaime Berti, Moya Kneafsey, Larry Lev, Irene Monasterolo and Sergio Schneider
Received: 11 July 2016 / Revised: 19 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [435 KB, uploaded 31 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Local food has been the subject of federal, state, and local government policies in recent years throughout the United States as consumer demand has grown. Local foods have been linked to several government priorities—including enhancing the rural economy, the environment, and supporting agricultural producers. This article provides an overview of U.S. Federal, State and regional policies designed to support local food systems. It details the latest economic information on policy, relying on findings from several national surveys and a synthesis of recent literature. Federal policies related to local food systems were greatly expanded by the 2008 Farm Bill, and are further expanded in the Agricultural Act of 2014. United States policies address several barriers to the further expansion of local food markets, including scaling up output of small farms to address the needs of larger commercial outlets, lack of infrastructure for increasing local food sales, ability to trace product source, and producer education regarding local food expansion. View Full-Text
Keywords: Farm Bill; farm to school; Farmers’ Market Promotion Program; state food policy councils; farmers markets; food hubs; intermediated marketing channels; direct-to-consumer outlets Farm Bill; farm to school; Farmers’ Market Promotion Program; state food policy councils; farmers markets; food hubs; intermediated marketing channels; direct-to-consumer outlets
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Martinez, S.W. Policies Supporting Local Food in the United States. Agriculture 2016, 6, 43.

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