Next Article in Journal
Theorizing Agri-Food Economies
Next Article in Special Issue
Climate Change: Seed Production and Options for Adaptation
Previous Article in Journal
Do Phytomer Turnover Models of Plant Morphology Describe Perennial Ryegrass Root Data from Field Swards?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Selection and Breeding of Suitable Crop Genotypes for Drought and Heat Periods in a Changing Climate: Which Morphological and Physiological Properties Should Be Considered?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Agriculture 2016, 6(3), 29; doi:10.3390/agriculture6030029

Crop Management as an Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Early Modern Era: A Comparative Study of Eastern and Western Europe

1
Department of Social Sciences, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
2
Department of Geography and International Centre for China Development Study, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
3
Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Annelie Holzkämper and Sibylle Stöckli
Received: 29 March 2016 / Revised: 16 June 2016 / Accepted: 4 July 2016 / Published: 12 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Options for Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6668 KB, uploaded 12 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Effective adaptation determines agricultural vulnerability to climate change, especially in the pre-industrial era. Crop management as an agricultural adaptation to climate change in recent human history, however, has rarely been systematically evaluated. Using Europe as our study area, we statistically compared yield ratio of wheat, rye, barley, and oats (an important performance indicator of an agrarian economy) between Eastern and Western Europe in AD 1500–1800. In particular, a statistical comparison was made of crop yield ratio in the two regions during the warm agricultural recovery period AD 1700–1800. The general trend of crop yield in Eastern and Western Europe basically followed the alternation of climatic epochs, in which the extreme cooling period in AD 1560–1660 drastically reduced the crop yield ratio. The yield ratio of rye in Eastern and Western Europe was very similar throughout the entire study period. However, the yield ratio of wheat, barley, and oats showed different patterns in the two regions and increased drastically in Western Europe in the warm agricultural recovery period, which might have contributed to rapid socio-economic development in Western Europe and eventually the East–West Divide in Europe in the following centuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; crop yield ratio; non-parametric analysis; Eastern and Western Europe; early modern era climate change; crop yield ratio; non-parametric analysis; Eastern and Western Europe; early modern era
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pei, Q.; Zhang, D.D.; Lee, H.F.; Li, G. Crop Management as an Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in Early Modern Era: A Comparative Study of Eastern and Western Europe. Agriculture 2016, 6, 29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top