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Agriculture 2016, 6(2), 18; doi:10.3390/agriculture6020018

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Leptospirosis among Lakeshore Communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines

1
Laboratory of Environmental Economics, Graduate School of Bio-resources and Bio-environmental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
2
Batangas City Program Coordinator, United States Agency for International Development, Strengthening Urban Resilience for Growth with Equity Project, Makati City 1227, Philippines
3
National Fisheries Research & Development Institute, Quezon City, Manila 1103, Philippines
4
Attached Promotive Center for International Education and Research of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
5
Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: M. D. Salman
Received: 9 December 2015 / Revised: 21 March 2016 / Accepted: 21 March 2016 / Published: 20 April 2016
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Abstract

Leptospirosis is a serious and potentially fatal zoonotic disease, but often neglected owing to lack of awareness. This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning leptospirosis among agricultural (n = 152) and non-agricultural (n = 115) workers in the lakeshore communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. The findings showed no significant differences for the knowledge and attitude scores between agricultural and non-agricultural workers. However, agricultural workers had significantly lower prevention practice scores than non-agricultural workers. The ordinary least squares regression model identified gender, use of broadcast media as a source of health information, and knowledge and attitudes about leptospirosis as significant predictors of prevention practices common to both workers. Higher educational attainment was significantly associated with prevention practices among agricultural workers, while higher age and income level were significantly associated with prevention practices among non-agricultural workers. Public health interventions to improve leptospirosis knowledge and prevention practices should include health education and promotion programs, along with the strengthening of occupational health and safety programs in the agricultural sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: leptospirosis; KAP; zoonotic disease; occupational health and safety; agriculture leptospirosis; KAP; zoonotic disease; occupational health and safety; agriculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arbiol, J.; Orencio, P.M.; Romena, N.; Nomura, H.; Takahashi, Y.; Yabe, M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Leptospirosis among Lakeshore Communities of Calamba and Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines. Agriculture 2016, 6, 18.

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