Next Article in Journal
Finding Ways to Improve Australia’s Food Security Situation
Next Article in Special Issue
Fermented Apple Pomace as a Feed Additive to Enhance Growth Performance of Growing Pigs and Its Effects on Emissions
Previous Article in Journal
Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effectiveness of Organic Wastes as Fertilizers and Amendments in Salt-Affected Soils
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Agriculture 2015, 5(2), 267-285; doi:10.3390/agriculture5020267

Effect of Date Palm Cultivar, Particle Size, Panel Density and Hot Water Extraction on Particleboards Manufactured from Date Palm Fronds

1
Chair of Dates Industry and Technology, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
2
Timber Trees Department, Horticulture Research institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Cairo 12619, Egypt
3
Agricultural Engineering Institution, Giza, Cairo2450, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen R. Smith
Received: 8 April 2015 / Revised: 6 May 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 18 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recycling Organic Wastes in Agriculture)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [875 KB, uploaded 19 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate some of the important physical and mechanical properties of particleboard panels manufactured from three different cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fronds, namely Saqui, Barhi and Sukkari. Experimental panels were manufactured from hot water extracted and non-extracted, and fine and coarse particles of the raw material under two target panel densities of 650 and 750 kg/m3. Bending properties and internal bond strength, along with dimensional stability in the form of thickness swelling, water absorption, and linear expansion of the samples was tested. Based on the findings of this work, panels manufactured from high density level and Saqie cultivar, as well as fine particles, had better performance for their mechanical properties. The effect of hot water-treatment had less robust mechanical and physical properties. It appears that date palm fronds are underutilized resources that have the potential to be used in the manufacture of value-added panel products. View Full-Text
Keywords: date palm fronds; particleboard; particle size; strength properties; hot water treatment; dimensional stability date palm fronds; particleboard; particle size; strength properties; hot water treatment; dimensional stability
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hegazy, S.S.; Ahmed, K. Effect of Date Palm Cultivar, Particle Size, Panel Density and Hot Water Extraction on Particleboards Manufactured from Date Palm Fronds. Agriculture 2015, 5, 267-285.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top