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Agriculture 2015, 5(2), 245-266; doi:10.3390/agriculture5020245

Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities

Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Science (NMBU), Universitetstunet 3 1430 Ås, Norway
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Academic Editor: Terence Centner
Received: 9 February 2015 / Revised: 1 May 2015 / Accepted: 5 May 2015 / Published: 12 May 2015
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Abstract

Half of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s (BH) population lives in rural areas. Agricultural production is a backbone of the rural economy and generates significant economic value for the country. BH is highly vulnerable to climate change, which poses a significant development challenge given the climate-sensitivity of the agricultural sector, the share of agriculture in the total economy, the number of people employed in the sector, and the closely related socio-economic issues of food security. BH has experienced serious incidences of extreme weather events over the past two decades, causing severe economic losses. Based on available data and currently available climate projections, exposure to threats from climate change will continue to increase. The review paper presents the current state of the BH agricultural sector and the impact of potential climate change on agricultural systems. It proposes policy options to optimize opportunities and mitigate consequences of possible climate change in the agricultural sector. Development of policy and research capacity should include harmonisation and centralisation of domestic agricultural policies, carrying out a vulnerability assessment and strengthening the public and private extension systems. Further technological development should include improvements in weather and climate information systems, crop development, irrigation and water management. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina; agriculture; climate change; adaptation Bosnia and Herzegovina; agriculture; climate change; adaptation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zurovec, O.; Vedeld, P.O.; Sitaula, B.K. Agricultural Sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Climate Change—Challenges and Opportunities. Agriculture 2015, 5, 245-266.

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