Abstract: The effect of soil drought (10 days) on the growth of plants, the accumulation of water and leakage of electrolytes, gas exchange, the contents of chl a + b and carotenoids in leaves and photochemical activity of photosystem II was studied at the seedling stage by transient fluorescent analysis in 20 of the popular varieties of polish spring wheat. Drought caused a particularly strong reduction in vigor of growth of seedlings, net photosynthesis rate and triggered an increase in electrolyte leakage from the leaves. Certain varieties during the drought demonstrated relatively intense CO2 assimilation at low water loss through transpiration. The varieties tested were significantly different in terms of tolerance to drought of the processes of gas exchange and seedlings development. Photochemical processes in PSII showed high tolerance to drought and at the same time low differentiation among varieties. The results obtained suggested that tolerance of growth parameters to drought and CO2 assimilation at the seedling stage may alleviate consequent depression of final yield of the grain.
Keywords: varieties; drought stress; stress index; wheat; photochemical activity; yield; assimilation CO2; gas exchange; water management
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Biesaga-Kościelniak, J.; Ostrowska, A.; Filek, M.; Dziurka, M.; Waligórski, P.; Mirek, M.; Kościelniak, J. Evaluation of Spring Wheat (20 Varieties) Adaptation to Soil Drought during Seedlings Growth Stage. Agriculture 2014, 4, 96-112.
Biesaga-Kościelniak J, Ostrowska A, Filek M, Dziurka M, Waligórski P, Mirek M, Kościelniak J. Evaluation of Spring Wheat (20 Varieties) Adaptation to Soil Drought during Seedlings Growth Stage. Agriculture. 2014; 4(2):96-112.
Biesaga-Kościelniak, Jolanta; Ostrowska, Agnieszka; Filek, Maria; Dziurka, Michał; Waligórski, Piotr; Mirek, Magdalena; Kościelniak, Janusz. 2014. "Evaluation of Spring Wheat (20 Varieties) Adaptation to Soil Drought during Seedlings Growth Stage." Agriculture 4, no. 2: 96-112.