Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Soil Erosion in Britain: Updating the Record
Previous Article in Journal
Development of Recombinant Flagellar Antigens for Serological Detection of Salmonella enterica Serotypes Enteritidis, Hadar, Heidelberg, and Typhimurium in Poultry
Previous Article in Special Issue
Evaluating Alternative Methods of Soil Erodibility Mapping in the Mediterranean Island of Crete
Agriculture 2013, 3(3), 398-417; doi:10.3390/agriculture3030398
Review

The Potential Impact of Climate Change on Soil Properties and Processes and Corresponding Influence on Food Security

Received: 28 May 2013; in revised form: 20 July 2013 / Accepted: 23 July 2013 / Published: 31 July 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1071 KB, uploaded 31 July 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: According to the IPCC, global temperatures are expected to increase between 1.1 and 6.4 °C during the 21st century and precipitation patterns will be altered. Soils are intricately linked to the atmospheric/climate system through the carbon, nitrogen, and hydrologic cycles. Because of this, altered climate will have an effect on soil processes and properties. Recent studies indicate at least some soils may become net sources of atmospheric C, lowering soil organic matter levels. Soil erosion by wind and water is also likely to increase. However, there are many things we need to know more about. How climate change will affect the N cycle and, in turn, how that will affect C storage in soils is a major research need, as is a better understanding of how erosion processes will be influenced by changes in climate. The response of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2 given limitations in nutrients like N and P, and how that will influence soil organic matter levels, is another critical research need. How soil organic matter levels react to changes in the C and N cycles will influence the ability of soils to support crop growth, which has significant ramifications for food security. Therefore, further study of soil-climate interactions in a changing world is critical to addressing future food security concerns.
Keywords: climate change; food security; soil properties; soil processes; soil health/quality climate change; food security; soil properties; soil processes; soil health/quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Brevik, E.C. The Potential Impact of Climate Change on Soil Properties and Processes and Corresponding Influence on Food Security. Agriculture 2013, 3, 398-417.

AMA Style

Brevik EC. The Potential Impact of Climate Change on Soil Properties and Processes and Corresponding Influence on Food Security. Agriculture. 2013; 3(3):398-417.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brevik, Eric C. 2013. "The Potential Impact of Climate Change on Soil Properties and Processes and Corresponding Influence on Food Security." Agriculture 3, no. 3: 398-417.


Agriculture EISSN 2077-0472 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert