Ultrasound for Early Detection of Joint Disease in Patients with Hemophilic Arthropathy
AbstractJoint bleeding represents the most commonly reported type of hemorrhage in patients affected by hemophilia. Although the widespread use of prophylaxis has been able to significantly reduce the onset of arthropathy, it has been shown that a non-negligible percentage of patients develop degenerative changes in their joints despite this type of treatment. Thus, periodic monitoring of the joint status in hemophilia patients has been recommended to identify early arthropathic changes and prevent the development or progression of hemophilic arthropathy. Ultrasound (US) has proven able to detect and quantify the most relevant biomarkers of disease activity (i.e., joint effusion and synovial hypertrophy) and degenerative damages (i.e., osteo-chondral changes) by means of scoring scales of increasing disease severity. In the present review, we have detailed major literature evidence about the use of US to assess joint status in hemophilia patients, focusing on signs of disease activity and degenerative damages. In particular, we have discussed recent evidence about “point-of-care” use patients with hemophilia. View Full-Text
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Di Minno, M.N.D.; Pasta, G.; Airaldi, S.; Zaottini, F.; Storino, A.; Cimino, E.; Martinoli, C. Ultrasound for Early Detection of Joint Disease in Patients with Hemophilic Arthropathy. J. Clin. Med. 2017, 6, 77.
Di Minno MND, Pasta G, Airaldi S, Zaottini F, Storino A, Cimino E, Martinoli C. Ultrasound for Early Detection of Joint Disease in Patients with Hemophilic Arthropathy. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2017; 6(8):77.Chicago/Turabian Style
Di Minno, Matteo N.D.; Pasta, Gianluigi; Airaldi, Sonia; Zaottini, Federico; Storino, Antonio; Cimino, Ernesto; Martinoli, Carlo. 2017. "Ultrasound for Early Detection of Joint Disease in Patients with Hemophilic Arthropathy." J. Clin. Med. 6, no. 8: 77.