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Membranes 2012, 2(3), 565-584; doi:10.3390/membranes2030565
Review

Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and Fouling Control

1,*  and 1,2
Received: 20 June 2012; in revised form: 20 July 2012 / Accepted: 9 August 2012 / Published: 15 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes in Water Purification)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [271 KB, uploaded 15 August 2012]
Abstract: Microorganisms in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) play important roles on degradation of organic/inorganic substances in wastewaters, while microbial deposition/growth and microbial product accumulation on membranes potentially induce membrane fouling. Generally, there is a need to characterize membrane foulants and to determine their relations to the evolution of membrane fouling in order to identify a suitable fouling control approach in MBRs. This review summarized the factors in MBRs that influence microbial behaviors (community compositions, physical properties, and microbial products). The state-of-the-art techniques to characterize biofoulants in MBRs were reported. The strategies for controlling microbial relevant fouling were discussed and the future studies on membrane fouling mechanisms in MBRs were proposed.
Keywords: extracellular polymeric substances; membrane fouling; microbial community structure; microbial flocs; microbial soluble substances extracellular polymeric substances; membrane fouling; microbial community structure; microbial flocs; microbial soluble substances
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, B.; Fane, A.G. Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and Fouling Control. Membranes 2012, 2, 565-584.

AMA Style

Wu B, Fane AG. Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and Fouling Control. Membranes. 2012; 2(3):565-584.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Bing; Fane, Anthony G. 2012. "Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and Fouling Control." Membranes 2, no. 3: 565-584.


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