Next Article in Journal
A Study of the Effect of Heat-Treatment on the Morphology of Nafion Ionomer Dispersion for Use in the Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC)
Next Article in Special Issue
Development and Testing of a Fully Adaptable Membrane Bioreactor Fouling Model for a Sidestream Configuration System
Previous Article in Journal
Microscopic Analysis of Current and Mechanical Properties of Nafion® Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and Fouling Control
Membranes 2012, 2(4), 804-840; doi:10.3390/membranes2040804
Review

Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures

, *  and
Received: 3 August 2012; in revised form: 2 November 2012 / Accepted: 5 November 2012 / Published: 21 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membranes in Water Purification)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [278 KB, uploaded 21 November 2012]
Abstract: Biofouling is a critical issue in membrane water and wastewater treatment as it greatly compromises the efficiency of the treatment processes. It is difficult to control, and significant economic resources have been dedicated to the development of effective biofouling monitoring and control strategies. This paper highlights the underlying causes of membrane biofouling and provides a review on recent developments of potential monitoring and control methods in water and wastewater treatment with the aim of identifying the remaining issues and challenges in this area.
Keywords: membrane biofouling; biofilm; extracellular polymeric substances; biofouling control; biofouling monitoring membrane biofouling; biofilm; extracellular polymeric substances; biofouling control; biofouling monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.; Roddick, F.A.; Fan, L. Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures. Membranes 2012, 2, 804-840.

AMA Style

Nguyen T, Roddick FA, Fan L. Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures. Membranes. 2012; 2(4):804-840.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nguyen, Thang; Roddick, Felicity A.; Fan, Linhua. 2012. "Biofouling of Water Treatment Membranes: A Review of the Underlying Causes, Monitoring Techniques and Control Measures." Membranes 2, no. 4: 804-840.


Membranes EISSN 2077-0375 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert