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Vaccines 2013, 1(2), 154-166; doi:10.3390/vaccines1020154

Are Recent Medical Graduates More Skeptical of Vaccines?

5, 6
1 Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA 2 Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA 3 Nicholas School of Environment & Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA 4 Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA 5 Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA 6 Seattle Children's Hospital & Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105, USA 7 Child Health Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98115, USA 8 Office of Immunization and Child Profile, Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, WA 98504, USA 9 American Academy of Pediatrics, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007, USA 10 Kaiser Family Foundation, Washington, DC 20005, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 February 2013 / Revised: 18 April 2013 / Accepted: 19 April 2013 / Published: 29 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Confidence in Vaccines)
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Rates of delay and refusal of recommended childhood vaccines are increasing in many U.S. communities. Children’s health care providers have a strong influence on parents’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about vaccines. Provider attitudes towards immunizations vary and affect their immunization advocacy. One factor that may contribute to this variability is their familiarity with vaccine-preventable diseases and their sequelae. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of health care provider year of graduation with vaccines and vaccine-preventable disease beliefs. We conducted a cross sectional survey in 2005 of primary care providers identified by parents of children whose children were fully vaccinated or exempt from one or more school immunization requirements. We examined the association of provider graduation cohort (5 years) with beliefs on immunization, disease susceptibility, disease severity, vaccine safety, and vaccine efficacy. Surveys were completed by 551 providers (84.3% response rate). More recent health care provider graduates had 15% decreased odds of believing vaccines are efficacious compared to graduates from a previous 5 year period; had lower odds of believing that many commonly used childhood vaccines were safe; and 3.7% of recent graduates believed that immunizations do more harm than good. Recent health care provider graduates have a perception of the risk-benefit balance of immunization, which differs from that of their older counterparts. This change has the potential to be reflected in their immunization advocacy and affect parental attitudes.
Keywords: vaccines; health care surveys; health care provider/services vaccines; health care surveys; health care provider/services
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Mergler, M.J.; Omer, S.B.; Pan, W.K.; Navar-Boggan, A.M.; Orenstein, W.; Marcuse, E.K.; Taylor, J.; deHart, M.P.; Carter, T.C.; Damico, A.; Halsey, N.; Salmon, D.A. Are Recent Medical Graduates More Skeptical of Vaccines? Vaccines 2013, 1, 154-166.

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