Nucleus Accumbens Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients with Substance Use Disorders and Delay Discounting
AbstractDeep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) shows first promising results in patients with severe substance use disorder (SUD), a patient group known to have deficits in self-control. One facet of self-control is the ability to forego smaller sooner rewards in favor of larger later rewards (delay discounting, DD). The NAc has been suggested to integrate motivational information to guide behavior while the consequences of NAc-DBS on DD are unknown. To this end, nine patients with SUD performed a DD task with DBS on and after a 24 h DBS off period. Furthermore, 18 healthy controls were measured to assess possible alterations in DD in patients with SUD. Our findings implicate that DD was not significantly modulated by NAc-DBS and also that patients with SUD did not differ from healthy controls. While null results must be interpreted with caution, the commonly observed association of impaired DD in SUD might suggest a long-term effect of NAc-DBS that was not sufficiently modulated by a 24 h DBS off period. View Full-Text
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Peisker, C.B.; Schüller, T.; Peters, J.; Wagner, B.J.; Schilbach, L.; Müller, U.J.; Visser-Vandewalle, V.; Kuhn, J. Nucleus Accumbens Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients with Substance Use Disorders and Delay Discounting. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 21.
Peisker CB, Schüller T, Peters J, Wagner BJ, Schilbach L, Müller UJ, Visser-Vandewalle V, Kuhn J. Nucleus Accumbens Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients with Substance Use Disorders and Delay Discounting. Brain Sciences. 2018; 8(2):21.Chicago/Turabian Style
Peisker, Canan B.; Schüller, Thomas; Peters, Jan; Wagner, Ben J.; Schilbach, Leonhard; Müller, Ulf J.; Visser-Vandewalle, Veerle; Kuhn, Jens. 2018. "Nucleus Accumbens Deep Brain Stimulation in Patients with Substance Use Disorders and Delay Discounting." Brain Sci. 8, no. 2: 21.
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