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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(11), 140; doi:10.3390/brainsci7110140

Self-Injury in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Exploring the Role of Reactivity to Pain and Sensory Input

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A1, Canada
2
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2017 / Revised: 11 October 2017 / Accepted: 23 October 2017 / Published: 26 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism Spectrum Disorder: From Etio-Pathology to Treatment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [253 KB, uploaded 26 October 2017]

Abstract

This paper provides information about the prevalence and topography of self-injurious behavior in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Dominant models regarding the etiology of self-injury in this population are reviewed, with a focus on the role of reactivity to pain and sensory input. Neuroimaging studies are presented and suggestions are offered for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-injury; autism spectrum disorder; intellectual disability; pain; sensory processing abnormalities self-injury; autism spectrum disorder; intellectual disability; pain; sensory processing abnormalities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Summers, J.; Shahrami, A.; Cali, S.; D’Mello, C.; Kako, M.; Palikucin-Reljin, A.; Savage, M.; Shaw, O.; Lunsky, Y. Self-Injury in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Exploring the Role of Reactivity to Pain and Sensory Input. Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 140.

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