Brain Sci. 2013, 3(1), 239-261; doi:10.3390/brainsci3010239
Review

Stem Cell Transplantation for Neuroprotection in Stroke

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Received: 7 December 2012; in revised form: 22 February 2013 / Accepted: 26 February 2013 / Published: 7 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuroprotection against Ischemic Brain Injury)
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Abstract: Stem cell-based therapies for stroke have expanded substantially over the last decade. The diversity of embryonic and adult tissue sources provides researchers with the ability to harvest an ample supply of stem cells. However, the optimal conditions of stem cell use are still being determined. Along this line of the need for optimization studies, we discuss studies that demonstrate effective dose, timing, and route of stem cells. We recognize that stem cell derivations also provide uniquely individual difficulties and limitations in their therapeutic applications. This review will outline the current knowledge, including benefits and challenges, of the many current sources of stem cells for stroke therapy.
Keywords: stem cells; stroke; cerebral ischemia; transplantation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shinozuka, K.; Dailey, T.; Tajiri, N.; Ishikawa, H.; Kaneko, Y.; Borlongan, C.V. Stem Cell Transplantation for Neuroprotection in Stroke. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 239-261.

AMA Style

Shinozuka K, Dailey T, Tajiri N, Ishikawa H, Kaneko Y, Borlongan CV. Stem Cell Transplantation for Neuroprotection in Stroke. Brain Sciences. 2013; 3(1):239-261.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shinozuka, Kazutaka; Dailey, Travis; Tajiri, Naoki; Ishikawa, Hiroto; Kaneko, Yuji; Borlongan, Cesar V. 2013. "Stem Cell Transplantation for Neuroprotection in Stroke." Brain Sci. 3, no. 1: 239-261.


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