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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(7), 1056; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8071056

Development of a CFD-Based Wind Turbine Rotor Optimization Tool in Considering Wake Effects

1
School of Hydraulic Energy and Power Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
2
Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
3
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Hi-Tech Research for Wind Turbine Design, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 24 June 2018 / Accepted: 25 June 2018 / Published: 28 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbine Aerodynamics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8384 KB, uploaded 28 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

In the present study, a computational fluid dynamic (CFD)-based blade optimization algorithm is introduced for designing single or multiple wind turbine rotors. It is shown that the CFD methods provide more detailed aerodynamics features during the design process. Because high computational cost limits the conventional CFD applications in particular for rotor optimization purposes, in the current paper, a CFD-based 2D Actuator Disc (AD) model is used to represent turbulent flows over wind turbine rotors. With the ideal case of axisymmetric flows, the simulation time is significantly reduced with the 2D method. The design variables are the shape parameters comprising the chord, twist, and relative thickness of the wind turbine rotor blades as well as the rotational speed. Due to the wake effects, the optimized blade shapes are different for the upstream and downstream turbines. The comparative aerodynamic performance is analyzed between the original and optimized reference wind turbine rotor. The results show that the present numerical optimization algorithm for multiple turbines is efficient and more advanced than conventional methods. The current method achieves the same accuracy as 3D CFD simulations, and the computational efficiency is not significantly higher than the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) theory. The paper shows that CFD for rotor design is possible using a high-performance single personal computer with multiple cores. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind turbine blade optimization; computational fluid dynamic; actuator disc; wake effect; Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) wind turbine blade optimization; computational fluid dynamic; actuator disc; wake effect; Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Cao, J.; Zhu, W.; Shen, W.; Sørensen, J.N.; Wang, T. Development of a CFD-Based Wind Turbine Rotor Optimization Tool in Considering Wake Effects. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1056.

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