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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(7), 1050; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8071050

Neutralization Dynamics of Slow Highly Charged Ions in 2D Materials

1
Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10/E134, 1040 Vienna, Austria
2
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Bautzner Landstr. 400, 01328 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 June 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 23 June 2018 / Published: 27 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion Beam Materials)
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Abstract

We review experimental and theoretical work on the interaction of slow highly charged ions with two-dimensional materials. Earlier work in the field is summarized and more recent studies on 1 nm thick amorphous carbon nanomembranes and freestanding single layer graphene by the authors are reviewed. To explain the findings, models for energy loss determination as well as qualitative model descriptions for the observed ultrafast neutralization dynamics are discussed. The results shown in this paper will be put into context with findings of nanostructure formation on two-dimensional materials, both freestanding and on substrate, as well as on surfaces of bulk insulators. View Full-Text
Keywords: low energy ions; highly charged ions; 2D materials low energy ions; highly charged ions; 2D materials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wilhelm, R.A.; Gruber, E.; Schwestka, J.; Heller, R.; Fascko, S.; Aumayr, F. Neutralization Dynamics of Slow Highly Charged Ions in 2D Materials. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1050.

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