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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8010135

Analyzing Free-Hand Sound-Tracings of Melodic Phrases

University of Oslo, Department of Musicology, RITMO Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in Rhythm, Time and Motion, 0371 Oslo, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vesa Valimaki
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 9 December 2017 / Accepted: 15 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sound and Music Computing)
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Abstract

In this paper, we report on a free-hand motion capture study in which 32 participants ‘traced’ 16 melodic vocal phrases with their hands in the air in two experimental conditions. Melodic contours are often thought of as correlated with vertical movement (up and down) in time, and this was also our initial expectation. We did find an arch shape for most of the tracings, although this did not correspond directly to the melodic contours. Furthermore, representation of pitch in the vertical dimension was but one of a diverse range of movement strategies used to trace the melodies. Six different mapping strategies were observed, and these strategies have been quantified and statistically tested. The conclusion is that metaphorical representation is much more common than a ‘graph-like’ rendering for such a melodic sound-tracing task. Other findings include a clear gender difference for some of the tracing strategies and an unexpected representation of melodies in terms of a small object for some of the Hindustani music examples. The data also show a tendency of participants moving within a shared ‘social box’. View Full-Text
Keywords: motion; melody; shape; sound-tracing; multi-modality motion; melody; shape; sound-tracing; multi-modality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kelkar, T.; Jensenius, A.R. Analyzing Free-Hand Sound-Tracings of Melodic Phrases. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 135.

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