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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(4), 112; doi:10.3390/app6040112

Experimental Evaluation of a Paraffin as Phase Change Material for Thermal Energy Storage in Laboratory Equipment and in a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger

1
GREA Innovació Concurrent, Universitat de Lleida, Edifici CREA, Pere de Cabrera s/n, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
Departament d’Enginyeria Mecanica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
3
Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franqués 1-11, Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohammed Mehdi Farid
Received: 2 March 2016 / Revised: 6 April 2016 / Accepted: 8 April 2016 / Published: 18 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Materials (PCM))
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2518 KB, uploaded 18 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

The thermal behavior of a commercial paraffin with a melting temperature of 58 °C is analyzed as a phase change material (PCM) candidate for industrial waste heat recovery and domestic hot water applications. A full and complete characterization of this PCM is performed based on two different approaches: a laboratory characterization (mass range of milligrams) and an analysis in a pilot plant (mass range of kilograms). In the laboratory characterization, its thermal and cycling stability, its health hazard as well as its phase change thermal range, enthalpy and specific heat are analyzed using a differential scanning calorimeter, thermogravimetric analysis, thermocycling and infrared spectroscopy. Laboratory analyses showed its suitability up to 80 °C and for 1200 cycles. In the pilot plant analysis, its thermal behavior was analyzed in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger under different heat transfer fluid mass flow rates in terms of temperature, power and energy rates. Results from the pilot plant analysis allowed understanding the different methods of heat transfer in real charging and discharging processes as well as the influence of the geometry of the tank on the energy transferred and required time for charging and discharging processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal energy storage; latent heat; phase change material; paraffin; heat exchanger; shell-and-tube; laboratory; pilot plant thermal energy storage; latent heat; phase change material; paraffin; heat exchanger; shell-and-tube; laboratory; pilot plant
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Gasia, J.; Miró, L.; de Gracia, A.; Barreneche, C.; Cabeza, L.F. Experimental Evaluation of a Paraffin as Phase Change Material for Thermal Energy Storage in Laboratory Equipment and in a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 112.

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