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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(4), 109; doi:10.3390/app6040109

A Review of Double-Walled and Triple-Walled Carbon Nanotube Synthesis and Applications

1
Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano, Nagano 380-8553, Japan
2
Department of Physics and Center for 2-Dimensional and Layered Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
3
School of Polymer Science and Engineering and Department of Polymer Engineering, Graduate School, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju, 61186, Korea
4
Attocube Systems AG, Königinstraße 11a, 80539 Munich, Germany
5
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA
6
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA
7
Center for Materials for Information Technology (MINT Center), University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35401, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Seyed Sadeghi
Received: 31 December 2015 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 9 March 2016 / Published: 16 April 2016
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Abstract

Double- and triple-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs and TWNTs) consist of coaxially-nested two and three single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). They act as the geometrical bridge between SWNTs and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), providing an ideal model for studying the coupling interactions between different shells in MWNTs. Within this context, this article comprehensively reviews various synthetic routes of DWNTs’ and TWNTs’ production, such as arc discharge, catalytic chemical vapor deposition and thermal annealing of pea pods (i.e., SWNTs encapsulating fullerenes). Their structural features, as well as promising applications and future perspectives are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; double-walled carbon nanotubes; triple-walled carbon nanotubes; synthesis; catalytic chemical vapor deposition; arc discharge; fullerenes; pea pods carbon nanotubes; double-walled carbon nanotubes; triple-walled carbon nanotubes; synthesis; catalytic chemical vapor deposition; arc discharge; fullerenes; pea pods
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fujisawa, K.; Kim, H.J.; Go, S.H.; Muramatsu, H.; Hayashi, T.; Endo, M.; Hirschmann, T.C.; Dresselhaus, M.S.; Kim, Y.A.; Araujo, P.T. A Review of Double-Walled and Triple-Walled Carbon Nanotube Synthesis and Applications. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 109.

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