Appl. Sci. 2013, 3(2), 325-337; doi:10.3390/app3020325
Article

A Comparative Analysis of Energy Costs of Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal, and Wind Electricity Generation Technologies

Received: 31 December 2012; in revised form: 13 February 2013 / Accepted: 5 March 2013 / Published: 25 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Global installed capacity of renewable energy technologies is growing rapidly. The ability of renewable technologies to enable a rapid transition to a low carbon energy system is highly dependent on the energy that must be “consumed” during their life-cycle. This paper presents the results of meta-analyses of life-cycle assessments (LCA) of energy costs of three renewable technologies: solar photovoltaic (PV), concentrating solar power (CSP), and wind. The paper presents these findings as energetic analogies with financial cost parameters for assessing energy technologies: overnight capital cost, operating costs and levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). The findings suggest that wind energy has the lowest energy costs, followed by CSP and then PV.
Keywords: renewable energy; solar photovoltaic; concentrating solar power; wind power; life-cycle assessment; LCA; meta-analysis; technology assessment; net energy analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dale, M. A Comparative Analysis of Energy Costs of Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal, and Wind Electricity Generation Technologies. Appl. Sci. 2013, 3, 325-337.

AMA Style

Dale M. A Comparative Analysis of Energy Costs of Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal, and Wind Electricity Generation Technologies. Applied Sciences. 2013; 3(2):325-337.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dale, Michael. 2013. "A Comparative Analysis of Energy Costs of Photovoltaic, Solar Thermal, and Wind Electricity Generation Technologies." Appl. Sci. 3, no. 2: 325-337.

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