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Stain Resistance of Cotton Fabrics before and after Finishing with Admicellar Polymerization
School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering and Institute of Applied Surfactant Research, University of Oklahoma, 100 E. Boyd SEC T335, Norman, OK 73019, USA
Synthesized Nano Coatings, 1009 Bentbrook Pl., Norman, OK 73072, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2012; in revised form: 24 February 2012 / Accepted: 27 February 2012 / Published: 5 March 2012
Abstract: Environmental concerns related to perfluoroctanoic acid (PFOA) led to a re-examination of the methods for imparting stain resistance and stain repellency to textiles. Non-PFOA fluoropolymer finishes have been formed on cotton knits by admicellar polymerization, a surface analogue of emulsion polymerization. Fabric samples were characterized by a drop test, contact angle measurements, SEM, elemental analysis and durability studies. Stain resistance and stain release properties were assessed by reflectance and AATCC tests with results comparing favorably with swatches from commercially available garments. Admicellar polymerization enabled the formation of durable finishes that exhibited high performance in stain resistance and stain repellency.
Keywords: admicellar polymerization; cotton; stain resistance; stain release; fluoropolymer
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Hanumansetty, S.; Maity, J.; Foster, R.; O’Rear, E.A. Stain Resistance of Cotton Fabrics before and after Finishing with Admicellar Polymerization. Appl. Sci. 2012, 2, 192-205.
Hanumansetty S, Maity J, Foster R, O’Rear EA. Stain Resistance of Cotton Fabrics before and after Finishing with Admicellar Polymerization. Applied Sciences. 2012; 2(1):192-205.
Hanumansetty, Srinivas; Maity, Jayanta; Foster, Rod; O’Rear, Edgar A. 2012. "Stain Resistance of Cotton Fabrics before and after Finishing with Admicellar Polymerization." Appl. Sci. 2, no. 1: 192-205.