The Cross-Cultural Invariance of the Servant Leadership Survey: A Comparative Study across Eight Countries
AbstractThis paper tests and confirms the cross-cultural equivalence of the Servant Leadership Survey (SLS) in eight countries and languages: The Netherlands, Portugal, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Spain, Turkey and Finland. A composite sample consisting of 5201 respondents from eight countries that all filled out the SLS was used. A three-step approach was adopted to test configural invariance, measurement equivalence, and structural equivalence. For the full 30-item version of the SLS, configural invariance and partial measurement equivalence were confirmed. Implications of these results for the use of the SLS within cross-cultural studies are discussed. View Full-Text
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Van Dierendonck, D.; Sousa, M.; Gunnarsdóttir, S.; Bobbio, A.; Hakanen, J.; Pircher Verdorfer, A.; Cihan Duyan, E.; Rodriguez-Carvajal, R. The Cross-Cultural Invariance of the Servant Leadership Survey: A Comparative Study across Eight Countries. Adm. Sci. 2017, 7, 8.
Van Dierendonck D, Sousa M, Gunnarsdóttir S, Bobbio A, Hakanen J, Pircher Verdorfer A, Cihan Duyan E, Rodriguez-Carvajal R. The Cross-Cultural Invariance of the Servant Leadership Survey: A Comparative Study across Eight Countries. Administrative Sciences. 2017; 7(2):8.Chicago/Turabian Style
Van Dierendonck, Dirk; Sousa, Milton; Gunnarsdóttir, Sigrún; Bobbio, Andrea; Hakanen, Jari; Pircher Verdorfer, Armin; Cihan Duyan, Emin; Rodriguez-Carvajal, Raquel. 2017. "The Cross-Cultural Invariance of the Servant Leadership Survey: A Comparative Study across Eight Countries." Adm. Sci. 7, no. 2: 8.
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