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Adm. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 11; doi:10.3390/admsci7020011

Cluster Activities in Different Institutional Environments. Case Studies of ICT-Clusters from Austria, Germany, Ukraine and Serbia

1
Orkestra-Basque Institute of Competitiveness, Mundiaz 50, 20012 San Sebastián, Spain
2
Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (HTW) Berlin, Treskowallee 8, 10318 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maximilian Benner
Received: 4 January 2017 / Revised: 28 April 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 9 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cluster Policy: Institutional and International Perspectives)
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Abstract

In recent decades, numerous cluster associations with public and/or private support have been established to facilitate clusters. These cluster associations have launched a number of activities and services aiming to increase the competitiveness, innovation, and productivity of their members and beyond. At the same time, it appears that many of these associations apply similar activity bundles to reach their objectives. However, the institutional context differs between clusters and their countries. This paper questions how these activity bundles are influenced by different sets of institutional conditions and proposes a framework for the explorative analysis of cluster activity bundles in specific institutional environments. Moreover, using the framework, a detailed review of cluster associations and their activities in different information and communication technologies (ICT) clusters is presented, the development of which is central to regional advanced industrial transformation in the context of regional smart specialization and the Industrial Renaissance. View Full-Text
Keywords: clusters; cluster policy; cluster association; institutions; ICT clusters; cluster policy; cluster association; institutions; ICT
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.3390/admsci50x000x
    Description: The supplementary file is the paper in a clean version without track changes

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Konstantynova, A.; Lehmann, T. Cluster Activities in Different Institutional Environments. Case Studies of ICT-Clusters from Austria, Germany, Ukraine and Serbia. Adm. Sci. 2017, 7, 11.

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