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Adm. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 213-239; doi:10.3390/admsci5040213

Local Management of National Cluster Policies: Comparative Case Studies of Japanese, German, and French Biotechnology Clusters

1
Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, Naka 2-1, Kunitachi Tokyo 186-8601, Japan
2
Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University, Mejiro 1-5-1, Toshima Tokyo 171-8588, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maximilian Benner
Received: 27 April 2015 / Revised: 23 October 2015 / Accepted: 27 October 2015 / Published: 3 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cluster Policy: Institutional and International Perspectives)
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Abstract

Cluster policies have attracted increasing attention worldwide, but only a few studies have focused on their management by local cluster organizations. We investigate the relationship between national cluster policies and their management by local cluster organizations from a comparative perspective. For this purpose, we provide a detailed comparison of national cluster policies in Japan, Germany, and France as well as six prominent biotechnology clusters in these countries. Information on the focal clusters and on the management of cluster policies was obtained using semi-structured interviews with cluster managers. We find that national cluster policies considerably differ among these countries according to basic conditions of clusters and that the patterns of national cluster policy are closely related to those of local cluster management, despite some differences between clusters in the same country caused by various regional characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: cluster policy; cluster organization; biotechnology; case study; international comparison; Japan; Germany; France cluster policy; cluster organization; biotechnology; case study; international comparison; Japan; Germany; France
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Okamuro, H.; Nishimura, J. Local Management of National Cluster Policies: Comparative Case Studies of Japanese, German, and French Biotechnology Clusters. Adm. Sci. 2015, 5, 213-239.

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