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Behav. Sci. 2016, 6(3), 18; doi:10.3390/bs6030018

The Classification of Substance Use Disorders: Historical, Contextual, and Conceptual Considerations

1
Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, 4500 S. Lancaster Road, Dallas, TX 75216, USA
2
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, TX 75390, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karen McElrath, Carol North and Alina Suris
Received: 20 April 2016 / Revised: 12 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 August 2016 / Published: 18 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Psychiatric Diagnosis Past, Present and Future)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [583 KB, uploaded 18 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the history of substance use and misuse and chronicles the long shared history humans have had with psychoactive substances, including alcohol. The practical and personal functions of substances and the prevailing views of society towards substance users are described for selected historical periods and within certain cultural contexts. This article portrays how the changing historical and cultural milieu influences the prevailing medical, moral, and legal conceptualizations of substance use as reflected both in popular opinion and the consensus of the scientific community and represented by the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Finally, this article discusses the efforts to classify substance use disorders (SUDs) and associated psychopathology in the APA compendium. Controversies both lingering and resolved in the field are discussed, and implications for the future of SUD diagnoses are identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: DSM; diagnostic classification; nosology; substance use disorders; historical; opioids; alcohol; cocaine; cannabis; addiction DSM; diagnostic classification; nosology; substance use disorders; historical; opioids; alcohol; cocaine; cannabis; addiction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Robinson, S.M.; Adinoff, B. The Classification of Substance Use Disorders: Historical, Contextual, and Conceptual Considerations. Behav. Sci. 2016, 6, 18.

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