Next Article in Journal
Emotional Verbal Fluency: A New Task on Emotion and Executive Function Interaction
Next Article in Special Issue
Cognitive Predictors of Verbal Memory in a Mixed Clinical Pediatric Sample
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia: A Selective Review of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Studies
Behav. Sci. 2013, 3(3), 348-371; doi:10.3390/bs3030348

Fusiform Correlates of Facial Memory in Autism

2,3,4,* , 5
Received: 11 May 2013 / Revised: 26 June 2013 / Accepted: 26 June 2013 / Published: 8 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Learning and Memory Deficits Related to Neuropsychiatric Disorders)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [420 KB, uploaded 8 July 2013]   |   Browse Figures


Prior studies have shown that performance on standardized measures of memory in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is substantially reduced in comparison to matched typically developing controls (TDC). Given reported deficits in face processing in autism, the current study compared performance on an immediate and delayed facial memory task for individuals with ASD and TDC. In addition, we examined volumetric differences in classic facial memory regions of interest (ROI) between the two groups, including the fusiform, amygdala, and hippocampus. We then explored the relationship between ROI volume and facial memory performance. We found larger volumes in the autism group in the left amygdala and left hippocampus compared to TDC. In contrast, TDC had larger left fusiform gyrus volumes when compared with ASD. Interestingly, we also found significant negative correlations between delayed facial memory performance and volume of the left and right fusiform and the left hippocampus for the ASD group but not for TDC. The possibility of larger fusiform volume as a marker of abnormal connectivity and decreased facial memory is discussed.
Keywords: autism; facial memory; fusiform gyrus; amygdala; hippocampus autism; facial memory; fusiform gyrus; amygdala; hippocampus
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Trontel, H.G.; Duffield, T.C.; Bigler, E.D.; Froehlich, A.; Prigge, M.B.; Nielsen, J.A.; Cooperrider, J.R.; Cariello, A.N.; Travers, B.G.; Anderson, J.S.; Zielinski, B.A.; Alexander, A.; Lange, N.; Lainhart, J.E. Fusiform Correlates of Facial Memory in Autism. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 348-371.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


Cited By

[Return to top]
Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert