Next Article in Journal
Functional Perspectives on Emotion, Behavior, and Cognition
Previous Article in Journal
On the Evolution and Optimality of Mood States
Previous Article in Special Issue
Fusiform Correlates of Facial Memory in Autism
Behav. Sci. 2013, 3(3), 522-535; doi:10.3390/bs3030522

Cognitive Predictors of Verbal Memory in a Mixed Clinical Pediatric Sample

* ,
Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, University of Florida Health Science Center, PO Box 100165, Gainesville, FL 32610-0165, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2013 / Revised: 13 August 2013 / Accepted: 15 August 2013 / Published: 26 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Learning and Memory Deficits Related to Neuropsychiatric Disorders)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [487 KB, uploaded 26 August 2013]   |  


Verbal memory problems, along with other cognitive difficulties, are common in children diagnosed with neurological and/or psychological disorders. Historically, these “memory problems” have been poorly characterized and often present with a heterogeneous pattern of performance across memory processes, even within a specific diagnostic group. The current study examined archival neuropsychological data from a large mixed clinical pediatric sample in order to understand whether functioning in other cognitive areas (i.e., verbal knowledge, attention, working memory, executive functioning) may explain some of the performance variability seen across verbal memory tasks of the Children’s Memory Scale (CMS). Multivariate analyses revealed that among the cognitive functions examined, only verbal knowledge explained a significant amount of variance in overall verbal memory performance. Further univariate analyses examining the component processes of verbal memory indicated that verbal knowledge is specifically related to encoding, but not the retention or retrieval stages. Future research is needed to replicate these findings in other clinical samples, to examine whether verbal knowledge predicts performance on other verbal memory tasks and to explore whether these findings also hold true for visual memory tasks. Successful replication of the current study findings would indicate that interventions targeting verbal encoding deficits should include efforts to improve verbal knowledge.
Keywords: memory; pediatric neuropsychology; cognitive development memory; pediatric neuropsychology; cognitive development
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Jordan, L.L.; Tyner, C.E.; Heaton, S.C. Cognitive Predictors of Verbal Memory in a Mixed Clinical Pediatric Sample. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 522-535.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


[Return to top]
Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert