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Geosciences 2018, 8(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8010005

The Integrated System of Hydrological Forecasting in the Ussuri River Basin Based on the ECOMAG Model

1
Water Problems Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkina Street, 3, Moscow 119333, Russia
2
Pacific Institute of Geography, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Radio, 7, Vladivostok 690041, Russia
3
Far Eastern Regional Hydrometeorological Research Institute, Fontannaya Street, 24, Vladivostok 690600, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrated Risk Analysis and Management of Floods)
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Abstract

This paper considers the main principles and technologies used in developing the operational modeling system for the Ussuri River Basin of 24,400 km2 based on the automated system of hydrological monitoring and data management (ASHM), the physical-mathematical model with distributed parameters ECOMAG (ECOlogical Model for Applied Geophysics) and the numerical mesoscale atmosphere model WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting Model). The system is designed as a freely combined tool that allows flexible changing of the forecasting and informational components. The technology of inter-model and cross-platform interoperability is based on the use of the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) web services and the Open Geospatial Consortium Open Modelling Interface (OGC OpenMI) standard. The system demonstrates good performance in short-term forecast of rainfall floods and reproduces complex spatio-temporal structure for the runoff formation during extreme rainfall. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological forecasting; flash flood; hydrological monitoring system; flood awareness; ECOMAG model hydrological forecasting; flash flood; hydrological monitoring system; flood awareness; ECOMAG model
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Bugaets, A.; Gartsman, B.; Gelfan, A.; Motovilov, Y.; Sokolov, O.; Gonchukov, L.; Kalugin, A.; Moreido, V.; Suchilina, Z.; Fingert, E. The Integrated System of Hydrological Forecasting in the Ussuri River Basin Based on the ECOMAG Model. Geosciences 2018, 8, 5.

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