Dietary Lecithin Decreases Skeletal Muscle COL1A1 and COL3A1 Gene Expression in Finisher Gilts
Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor 43400, Malaysia
Rivalea Australia Pty Ltd., Corowa 2646, Australia
Australian Pork Ltd., Level 2, 2 Brisbane Ave, Barton Australian Capital Territory 2600, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: John J. McGlone
Received: 9 March 2016 / Revised: 21 April 2016 / Accepted: 5 May 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary lecithin on skeletal muscle gene expression of collagen precursors and enzymes involved in collagen synthesis and degradation. Finisher gilts with an average start weight of 55.9 ± 2.22 kg were fed diets containing either 0, 4, 20 or 80 g/kg soybean lecithin prior to harvest for six weeks and the rectus abdominis muscle gene expression profile was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. Lecithin treatment down-regulated Type I (α1) procollagen (COL1A1) and Type III (α1) procollagen (COL3A1) mRNA expression ( p
< 0.05, respectively), indicating a decrease in the precursors for collagen synthesis. The α-subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase (P4H) mRNA expression also tended to be down-regulated ( p
= 0.056), indicating a decrease in collagen synthesis. Decreased matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) mRNA expression may reflect a positive regulatory response to the reduced collagen synthesis in muscle from the pigs fed lecithin ( p
= 0.035). Lecithin had no effect on tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and lysyl oxidase mRNA expression. In conclusion, lecithin down-regulated COL1A1 and COL3A1 as well as tended to down-regulate α-subunit P4H expression. However, determination of muscle collagen content and solubility are required to support the gene functions.
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Akit, H.; Collins, C.; Fahri, F.; Hung, A.; D’Souza, D.; Leury, B.; Dunshea, F. Dietary Lecithin Decreases Skeletal Muscle COL1A1 and COL3A1 Gene Expression in Finisher Gilts. Animals 2016, 6, 38.
Akit H, Collins C, Fahri F, Hung A, D’Souza D, Leury B, Dunshea F. Dietary Lecithin Decreases Skeletal Muscle COL1A1 and COL3A1 Gene Expression in Finisher Gilts. Animals. 2016; 6(6):38.
Akit, Henny; Collins, Cherie; Fahri, Fahri; Hung, Alex; D’Souza, Daryl; Leury, Brian; Dunshea, Frank. 2016. "Dietary Lecithin Decreases Skeletal Muscle COL1A1 and COL3A1 Gene Expression in Finisher Gilts." Animals 6, no. 6: 38.
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