Dogs’ Body Language Relevant to Learning Achievement
AbstractThe facial expressions and body postures of dogs can give helpful information about their moods and emotional states. People can more effectively obedience train their dogs if we can identify the mannerisms associated with learning in dogs. The aim of this study was to clarify the dog’s body language during operant conditioning to predict achievement in the test that followed by measuring the duration of behaviors. Forty-six untrained dogs (17 males and 26 females) of various breeds were used. Each session consisted of 5 minutes of training with a treat reward followed by 3 minutes of rest and finally an operant conditioning test that consisted of 20 “hand motion” cues. The operant tests were conducted a total of nine times over three consecutive days, and the success numbers were counted. The duration of the dog’s behavior, focusing on the dog’s eyes, mouth, ears, tail and tail-wagging, was recorded during the operant conditioning sessions before the test. Particular behaviors, including wide-eyes, closed mouth, erect ears, and forward and high tail carriage, without wagging or with short and quick wagging, related to high achievement results. It is concluded that dogs' body language during operant conditioning was related to their success rate.
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Hasegawa, M.; Ohtani, N.; Ohta, M. Dogs’ Body Language Relevant to Learning Achievement. Animals 2014, 4, 45-58.
Hasegawa M, Ohtani N, Ohta M. Dogs’ Body Language Relevant to Learning Achievement. Animals. 2014; 4(1):45-58.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hasegawa, Masashi; Ohtani, Nobuyo; Ohta, Mitsuaki. 2014. "Dogs’ Body Language Relevant to Learning Achievement." Animals 4, no. 1: 45-58.