Animals 2014, 4(1), 35-44; doi:10.3390/ani4010035
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Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research

1 The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research, London, UK 2 School of Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 3 School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 4 National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, UK 5 Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
This article was previously published by PLoS Biology: Kilkenny, C.; Browne, W.J.; Cuthill, I.C.; Emerson, M.; Altman, D.G. Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research. PLoS Biol. 2010, 8, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000412.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 January 2014; Accepted: 31 January 2014 / Published: 3 February 2014
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Abstract: In the last decade the number of bioscience journals has increased enormously, with many filling specialised niches reflecting new disciplines and technologies. The emergence of open-access journals has revolutionised the publication process, maximising the availability of research data. Nevertheless, a wealth of evidence shows that across many areas, the reporting of biomedical research is often inadequate, leading to the view that even if the science is sound, in many cases the publications themselves are not “fit for purpose”, meaning that incomplete reporting of relevant information effectively renders many publications of limited value as instruments to inform policy or clinical and scientific practice [1–21]. A recent review of clinical research showed that there is considerable cumulative waste of financial resources at all stages of the research process, including as a result of publications that are unusable due to poor reporting [22]. It is unlikely that this issue is confined to clinical research [2–14,16–20].

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kilkenny, C.; Browne, W.J.; Cuthill, I.C.; Emerson, M.; Altman, D.G. Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research. Animals 2014, 4, 35-44.

AMA Style

Kilkenny C, Browne WJ, Cuthill IC, Emerson M, Altman DG. Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research. Animals. 2014; 4(1):35-44.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kilkenny, Carol; Browne, William J.; Cuthill, Innes C.; Emerson, Michael; Altman, Douglas G. 2014. "Improving Bioscience Research Reporting: The ARRIVE Guidelines for Reporting Animal Research." Animals 4, no. 1: 35-44.

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