Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Sad State of Phage Electron Microscopy. Please Shoot the Messenger
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Macroalgal Endophytes from the Atlantic Coast of Canada: A Potential Source of Antibiotic Natural Products?
Microorganisms 2013, 1(1), 188-198; doi:10.3390/microorganisms1010188

Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals

1,2,* , 1
1 Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Fr. A. Dahlsvei 20, Ås 1430, Norway 2 Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety, P.O. Box 4404, Nydalen, Oslo 0403, Norway
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2013 / Revised: 19 November 2013 / Accepted: 10 December 2013 / Published: 17 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and New Perspectives in Microbial Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [211 KB, uploaded 17 December 2013]


Spring barley is grown on about half of the Norwegian cereal area. The rest of the area is equally divided between wheat and oats. Most years the domestic production provides 70%–80% of the domestic market for bread wheat. Barley and oats are mainly grown for animal feed. During the years 2008–2012, severe epidemics of Fusarium head blight have led to increased mycotoxin contamination of cereals. During that period, precipitation was above normal during anthesis and grain maturation. The most important mycotoxin producers have been F. avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. graminearum and F. langsethiae. Increased deoxynivalenol contamination of Norwegian cereals during recent years is due to severe F. graminearum epidemics.
Keywords: Fusarium; deoxynivalenol; nivalenol; precipitation Fusarium; deoxynivalenol; nivalenol; precipitation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Sundheim, L.; Brodal, G.; Hofgaard, I.S.; Rafoss, T. Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals. Microorganisms 2013, 1, 188-198.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics


[Return to top]
Microorganisms EISSN 2076-2607 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert