Microorganisms 2013, 1(1), 188-198; doi:10.3390/microorganisms1010188
Review

Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals

Received: 1 October 2013; in revised form: 19 November 2013 / Accepted: 10 December 2013 / Published: 17 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and New Perspectives in Microbial Research)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Spring barley is grown on about half of the Norwegian cereal area. The rest of the area is equally divided between wheat and oats. Most years the domestic production provides 70%–80% of the domestic market for bread wheat. Barley and oats are mainly grown for animal feed. During the years 2008–2012, severe epidemics of Fusarium head blight have led to increased mycotoxin contamination of cereals. During that period, precipitation was above normal during anthesis and grain maturation. The most important mycotoxin producers have been F. avenaceum, F. culmorum, F. graminearum and F. langsethiae. Increased deoxynivalenol contamination of Norwegian cereals during recent years is due to severe F. graminearum epidemics.
Keywords: Fusarium; deoxynivalenol; nivalenol; precipitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sundheim, L.; Brodal, G.; Hofgaard, I.S.; Rafoss, T. Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals. Microorganisms 2013, 1, 188-198.

AMA Style

Sundheim L, Brodal G, Hofgaard IS, Rafoss T. Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals. Microorganisms. 2013; 1(1):188-198.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sundheim, Leif; Brodal, Guro; Hofgaard, Inger S.; Rafoss, Trond. 2013. "Temporal Variation of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi in Norwegian Cereals." Microorganisms 1, no. 1: 188-198.

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