The Role of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors in Skin Infection and Their Potential as Vaccine Antigens
AbstractStaphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) causes the vast majority of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in humans. S. aureus has become increasingly resistant to antibiotics and there is an urgent need for new strategies to tackle S. aureus infections. Vaccines offer a potential solution to this epidemic of antimicrobial resistance. However, the development of next generation efficacious anti-S. aureus vaccines necessitates a greater understanding of the protective immune response against S. aureus infection. In particular, it will be important to ascertain if distinct immune mechanisms are required to confer protection at distinct anatomical sites. Recent discoveries have highlighted that interleukin-17-producing T cells play a particularly important role in the immune response to S. aureus skin infection and suggest that vaccine strategies to specifically target these types of T cells may be beneficial in the treatment of S. aureus SSTIs. S. aureus expresses a large number of cell wall-anchored (CWA) proteins, which are covalently attached to the cell wall peptidoglycan. The virulence potential of many CWA proteins has been demonstrated in infection models; however, there is a paucity of information regarding their roles during SSTIs. In this review, we highlight potential candidate antigens for vaccines targeted at protection against SSTIs. View Full-Text
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Lacey, K.A.; Geoghegan, J.A.; McLoughlin, R.M. The Role of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors in Skin Infection and Their Potential as Vaccine Antigens. Pathogens 2016, 5, 22.
Lacey KA, Geoghegan JA, McLoughlin RM. The Role of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors in Skin Infection and Their Potential as Vaccine Antigens. Pathogens. 2016; 5(1):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lacey, Keenan A.; Geoghegan, Joan A.; McLoughlin, Rachel M. 2016. "The Role of Staphylococcus aureus Virulence Factors in Skin Infection and Their Potential as Vaccine Antigens." Pathogens 5, no. 1: 22.
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