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Buildings 2017, 7(3), 76; doi:10.3390/buildings7030076

Rethinking Design and Urban Planning for the Cities of the Future

1
Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business, College of Business, University of Pittsburg, Mervis Hall 322, Pittsburg, PA 15260, USA
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Piazzale Vincenzo Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 15 August 2017 / Accepted: 22 August 2017 / Published: 24 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Real Estate Economics, Management and Investments)
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Abstract

Growth of urban areas and abandonment of rural areas are phenomena that increase quickly. The main consequences of urbanization are pollution, consumption of resources and energy, waste dumps, and junk yards. These aspects require a better planning and design of European urban metropolitan areas, considering benefits, opportunities, costs and risks (B.O.C.R.), derivable by urban transformations and available resources. The paper consists of five parts. The first part contains some reflections on consequences of urban sprawl. In the second part, some possible kinds of cities are discussed (sustainable city, smart city, and compact city). The third part briefly describes a multicriteria decision-making approach known as the ‘analytic hierarchy process’ to deal with complex decisions. In the fourth part, alternative city models are analyzed (compact city, elevated city, green house city, and water city). Finally, in the fifth part, the criteria selected for the planning and design of the alternative city models are used for the prioritization of some European cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: planning; design and urban transformations; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); analytic network process (ANP); B.O.C.R. model; compact city; European cities planning; design and urban transformations; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); analytic network process (ANP); B.O.C.R. model; compact city; European cities
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Saaty, T.L.; De Paola, P. Rethinking Design and Urban Planning for the Cities of the Future. Buildings 2017, 7, 76.

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