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Metals 2017, 7(8), 299; doi:10.3390/met7080299

Hot Deformation Behavior of a Spray-Deposited Al-8.31Zn-2.07Mg-2.46Cu-0.12Zr Alloy

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hubei University of Automotive Technology, Shiyan 442002, China
3
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2017 / Revised: 21 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Light Weight Alloys: Processing, Properties and Their Applications)
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Abstract

Metallic materials have a significant number of applications, among which Al alloys have drawn people’s attention due to their low density and high strength. High-strength Al-based alloys, such as 7XXX Al alloys, contain many alloying elements and with high concentration, whose microstructures present casting voids, segregation, dendrites, etc. In this work, a spray deposition method was employed to fabricate an Al-8.31Zn-2.07Mg-2.46Cu-0.12Zr (wt %) alloy with fine structure. The hot deformation behavior of the studied alloy was investigated using a Gleeble 1500 thermal simulator and electron microscopes. The microstructure evolution, variation in the properties, and precipitation behavior were systematically investigated to explore a short process producing an alloy with high property values. The results revealed that the MgZn2 particles were detected from inside the grain and grain boundary, while some Al3Zr particles were inside the grain. An Arrhenius equation was employed to describe the relationship between the flow stress and the strain rate, and the established constitutive equation was that: ε ˙ = [ sinh ( 0.017 σ ) ] 4.049 exp [ 19.14 ( 129.9 / R T ) ] . An appropriate hot extrusion temperature was determined to be 460 °C. Hot deformation (460 °C by 60%) + age treatment (120 °C) was optimized to shorten the processing method for the as-spray-deposited alloy, after which considerable properties were approached. The high strength was mainly attributed to the grain boundary strengthening and the precipitation strengthening from the nanoscale MgZn2 and Al3Zr precipitates. View Full-Text
Keywords: alloy; 7XXX Al alloy; spray deposited; hot deformation behavior; precipitation alloy; 7XXX Al alloy; spray deposited; hot deformation behavior; precipitation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sheng, X.; Lei, Q.; Xiao, Z.; Wang, M. Hot Deformation Behavior of a Spray-Deposited Al-8.31Zn-2.07Mg-2.46Cu-0.12Zr Alloy. Metals 2017, 7, 299.

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