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Metals 2016, 6(11), 287; doi:10.3390/met6110287

Investigation of Tantalum Recycling by Electron Beam Melting

1
Institute of electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko shosse, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria
2
Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology, Panchawati, Off Pashan Road, Pune 411 008, India
3
School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Gyeonggi-Do, Suwon 16419, South Korea
4
Hiroshima Institute of Technology, 2-1-1, Miyake, Saeki-ku, Hiroshima 731-5193, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hugo F. Lopez
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 6 November 2016 / Accepted: 10 November 2016 / Published: 21 November 2016
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Abstract

Investigations are carried out and obtained experimental and theoretical data for tantalum scrap recycling by electron beam melting (EBM) is presented in this paper. Different thermal treatment process conditions are realized and results are discussed. A chemical analysis is performed and refining mechanisms for electron beam (EB) refining of Ta are discussed. For the performed experiments the best purification of Ta (99.96) is obtained at 21.6 kW beam power for a melting time of 3 min. A statistical approach is applied for estimation of the material losses and the liquid pool characteristics based on experimentally-obtained data. The aim is to improve the EBM and choosing optimal process conditions, depending on the concrete characteristic requirements. Model-based quality optimization of electron beam melting and refining (EBMR) processes of Ta is considered related to the optimization of the molten pool parameters, connected to the occurring refining processes, and to minimal material losses. Optimization of the process of EBM of Ta is based on overall criteria, giving compromised solutions, depending on the requirements concerning the quality of the performed products. The accumulated data, the obtained results, and the optimization statistical approach allow us to formulate requirements on the process parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: electron beam; melting; refining; tantalum; impurities; statistical modeling; optimization electron beam; melting; refining; tantalum; impurities; statistical modeling; optimization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vutova, K.; Vassileva, V.; Koleva, E.; Munirathnam, N.; Amalnerkar, D.P.; Tanaka, T. Investigation of Tantalum Recycling by Electron Beam Melting. Metals 2016, 6, 287.

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