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Metals 2015, 5(4), 2165-2185; doi:10.3390/met5042165

Cyclic Oxidation of High Mo, Reduced Density Superalloys

NASA Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark, Cleveland, OH, 44135, USA
Retired from NASA Glenn Research Center.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Johan Moverare
Received: 31 October 2015 / Revised: 13 November 2015 / Accepted: 18 November 2015 / Published: 24 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Superalloys)
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Abstract

Cyclic oxidation was characterized as part of a statistically designed, 12-alloy compositional study of 2nd generation single crystal superalloys as part of a broader study to co-optimize density, creep strength, and cyclic oxidation. The primary modification was a replacement of 5 wt. % W by 7% or 12% Mo for density reductions of 2%–7%. Compositions at two levels of Mo, Cr, Co, and Re were produced, along with a midpoint composition. Initially, polycrystalline vacuum induction samples were screened in 1100 °C cyclic furnace tests using 1 h cycles for 200 h. The behavior was primarily delimited by Cr content, producing final weight changes of −40 mg/cm2 to −10 mg/cm2 for 0% Cr alloys and −2 mg/cm2 to +1 mg/cm2 for 5% Cr alloys. Accordingly, a multiple linear regression fit yielded an equation showing a strong positive Cr effect and lesser negative effects of Co and Mo. The results for 5% Cr alloys compare well to −1 mg/cm2, and +0.5 mg/cm2 for Rene′ N4 and Rene′ N5 (or Rene′ N6), respectively. Scale phases commonly identified were Al2O3, NiAl2O4, NiTa2O6, and NiO, with (Ni,Co)MoO4 found only on the least resistant alloys having 0% Cr and 12% Mo. Scale microstructures were complex and reflected variations in the regional spallation history. Large faceted NiO grains and fine NiTa2O6 particles distributed along NiAl2O4 grain boundaries were typical distinctive features. NiMoO4 formation, decomposition, and volatility occurred for a few high Mo compositions. A creep, density, phase stability, and oxidation balanced 5% Cr, 10% Co, 7% Mo, and 3% Re alloy was selected to be taken forward for more extensive evaluations in single crystal form. View Full-Text
Keywords: superalloys; oxidation; density; molybdenum content; single crystals superalloys; oxidation; density; molybdenum content; single crystals
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Smialek, J.L.; Garg, A.; Gabb, T.P.; MacKay, R.A. Cyclic Oxidation of High Mo, Reduced Density Superalloys. Metals 2015, 5, 2165-2185.

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