Effects of Reflection to Improve Goal-Directed Self-Talk on Endurance Performance
AbstractWe investigated the effects of an intervention that encouraged reflection on organic self-talk used during endurance performance. Using an experimental design, we compared the effects of enhancing metacognitive skills by (a) planning and (b) reviewing and evaluating goal-directed self-talk. Participants completed three time-to-exhaustion cycling task trials in which we hypothesized that the intervention group would perform significantly better than the control group. Further, we expected a reduction in perceived exertion for a given workload among participants following a self-talk intervention. Thirty-four participants completed a time-to-exhaustion cycle ergometer test, after which participants were randomly divided into an intervention and control group. The intervention group performed reflection tasks on performance in the time-to-exhaustion test. Participants completed two further time-to-exhaustion tests. Repeated measures analyses of covariance to test whether the intervention group performed for longer indicated no significant difference in time to exhaustion (p = 0.157). Perceived exertion rates were 2.42% higher in the intervention compared to the control group (p = 0.025). In conclusion, in the intervention group, goal-directed self-talk led to increased sensitisation to perceived exertion, and participants chose to stop exercising at this point rather than repeat implementation of self-talk statements and persist for longer. View Full-Text
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Latinjak, A.T.; de las Heras, B.; Sacot, A.; Fernandez, D.; Robinson, D.; Lane, A.M. Effects of Reflection to Improve Goal-Directed Self-Talk on Endurance Performance. Sports 2018, 6, 55.
Latinjak AT, de las Heras B, Sacot A, Fernandez D, Robinson D, Lane AM. Effects of Reflection to Improve Goal-Directed Self-Talk on Endurance Performance. Sports. 2018; 6(2):55.Chicago/Turabian Style
Latinjak, Alexander T.; de las Heras, Bernat; Sacot, Arnau; Fernandez, David; Robinson, Daniel; Lane, Andrew M. 2018. "Effects of Reflection to Improve Goal-Directed Self-Talk on Endurance Performance." Sports 6, no. 2: 55.
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