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Sports 2017, 5(2), 35; doi:10.3390/sports5020035

Muscular Power during a Lifting Task Increases after Three Months of Resistance Training in Overweight and Obese Individuals

1
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava 81469, Slovakia
2
Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava 83306, Slovakia
3
Institute of Pathological Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava 81372, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony Leicht
Received: 20 December 2016 / Revised: 20 May 2017 / Accepted: 25 May 2017 / Published: 8 June 2017
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Abstract

Background: This study evaluates the effect on power produced during a modified lifting task in the overweight and obese after three months of either resistance or aerobic training. Methods: Seventeen male subjects divided randomly into two groups performed deadlift and deadlift high pull, both with increasing weights up to maximal power, prior to and after the training programs (three sessions per week). Results: Their mean power increased significantly during the deadlift at 20 kg (14.3%, p = 0.026), 30 kg (17.7%, p = 0.008), 40 kg (16.5%, p = 0.011), 50 kg (14.5%, p = 0.020), and 60 kg (14.3%, p = 0.021) and during the deadlift high pull at 30 kg (9.9%, p = 0.037), 40 kg (10.1%, p = 0.035), and 50 kg (8.2%, p = 0.044) after the resistance training. However, the group that participated in the aerobic training failed to show any significant changes in power performance during either the deadlift or deadlift high pull. Conclusion: Three months of resistance training enhances power outputs during a lifting task with weights from 30 to 50 kg (~40%–60% of 1-repetition maximum) in the overweight and obese. Because this test was sensitive in revealing pre-post training changes in lifting performance, it should be implemented in the functional diagnostics for overweight and obese individuals and also complement existing testing methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: deadlift; deadlift high pull; muscle power; obesity; testing and training deadlift; deadlift high pull; muscle power; obesity; testing and training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zemková, E.; Kyselovičová, O.; Jeleň, M.; Kováčiková, Z.; Ollé, G.; Štefániková, G.; Vilman, T.; Baláž, M.; Kurdiová, T.; Ukropec, J.; Ukropcová, B. Muscular Power during a Lifting Task Increases after Three Months of Resistance Training in Overweight and Obese Individuals. Sports 2017, 5, 35.

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