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Sports 2016, 4(1), 7; doi:10.3390/sports4010007

Effects of Short-Term Dynamic Constant External Resistance Training and Subsequent Detraining on Strength of the Trained and Untrained Limbs: A Randomized Trial

1
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA
2
Department of Health, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA
3
Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska—Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Received: 14 December 2015 / Revised: 18 January 2016 / Accepted: 25 January 2016 / Published: 27 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strength and Conditioning)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [576 KB, uploaded 27 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Short-term resistance training has been shown to increase isokinetic muscle strength and performance after only two to nine days of training. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three days of unilateral dynamic constant external resistance (DCER) training and detraining on the strength of the trained and untrained legs. Nineteen men were randomly assigned to a DCER training group or a non-training control group. Subjects visited the laboratory eight times, the first visit was a familiarization session, the second visit was a pre-training assessment, the subsequent three visits were for training sessions (if assigned to the training group), and the last three visits were post-training assessments 1, 2, and 3 (i.e., 48 h, 1 week, and 2 weeks after the final training session). Strength increased in both trained and untrained limbs from pre- to post-training assessment 1 for the training group and remained elevated at post-training assessments 2 and 3 (p ≤ 0.05). No changes were observed in the control (p > 0.05). Possible strength gains from short-term resistance training have important implications in clinical rehabilitation settings, sports injury prevention, as well as other allied health fields such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and athletic training. View Full-Text
Keywords: training-induced; neuromuscular adaptation; isotonic; muscle mechanics; unilateral; cross education training-induced; neuromuscular adaptation; isotonic; muscle mechanics; unilateral; cross education
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, P.B.; Herda, T.J.; Herda, A.A.; Cramer, J.T. Effects of Short-Term Dynamic Constant External Resistance Training and Subsequent Detraining on Strength of the Trained and Untrained Limbs: A Randomized Trial. Sports 2016, 4, 7.

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